1 The words of Nehemiah the son of Hacaliah.
Now it happened in the month Chislev, in the twentieth year, while I was in Susa the capitol,
Hanani, one of my brothers, and some men from Judah came; and I asked them concerning the Jews who had escaped and had survived the captivity, and about Jerusalem.
They said to me, "The remnant there in the province who survived the captivity are in great distress and reproach, and the wall of Jerusalem is broken down and its
gates are burned with fire."
4 When I heard these words, I sat down and wept and mourned for days; and I was fasting and praying before the God of heaven.
said, "I beseech You, O Lord God of heaven, the great and awesome God, who preserves the covenant and lovingkindness for those who love Him and keep His commandments,
6 let Your ear now be attentive and Your eyes open to hear the prayer of Your servant which I am praying before You now, day and night, on behalf of the sons of Israel
Your servants, confessing the sins of the sons of Israel which we have sinned against You; I and my father’s house have sinned.
7 "We have acted very
corruptly against You and have not kept the commandments, nor the statutes, nor the ordinances which You commanded Your servant Moses.
8 "Remember the word which
You commanded Your servant Moses, saying, 'If you are unfaithful I will scatter you among the peoples;
9 but if you return to Me and keep My commandments and do
them, though those of you who have been scattered were in the most remote part of the heavens, I will gather them from there and will bring them to the place where I have
chosen to cause My name to dwell.’
10 "They are Your servants and Your people whom You redeemed by Your great power and by Your strong hand.
Lord, I beseech You, may Your ear be attentive to the prayer of Your servant and the prayer of Your servants who delight to revere Your name, and make Your servant
successful today and grant him compassion before this man."
Now I was the cupbearer to the king.
1 And it came about in the month Nisan,
in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes, that wine was before him, and I took up the wine and gave it to the king. Now I had not been sad in his presence.
2 So the
king said to me, "Why is your face sad though you are not sick? This is nothing but sadness of heart." Then I was very much afraid.
3 I said to the king,
"Let the king live forever. Why should my face not be sad when the city, the place of my fathers’ tombs, lies desolate and its gates have been consumed by
4 Then the king said to me, "What would you request?" So I prayed to the God of heaven.
5 I said to the king, "If it please the king, and
if your servant has found favor before you, send me to Judah, to the city of my fathers’ tombs, that I may rebuild it."
6 Then the king said to me, the queen
sitting beside him, "How long will your journey be, and when will you return?" So it pleased the king to send me, and I gave him a definite time.
7 And I said
to the king, "If it please the king, let letters be given me for the governors of the provinces beyond the River, that they may allow me to pass through until I come
8 and a letter to Asaph the keeper of the king’s forest, that he may give me timber to make beams for the gates of the fortress which is by the temple,
for the wall of the city and for the house to which I will go." And the king granted them to me because the good hand of my God was on me.
9 Then I came to the
governors of the provinces beyond the River and gave them the king’s letters. Now the king had sent with me officers of the army and horsemen.
10 When Sanballat
the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard about it, it was very displeasing to them that someone had come to seek the welfare of the sons of Israel.
11 So I came to Jerusalem and was there three days.
12 And I arose in the night, I and a few men with me. I did not tell anyone what my God was putting into my mind to
do for Jerusalem and there was no animal with me except the animal on which I was riding.
13 So I went out at night by the Valley Gate in the direction of the
Dragon’s Well and on to the Refuse Gate, inspecting the walls of Jerusalem which were broken down and its gates which were consumed by fire.
14 Then I passed on
to the Fountain Gate and the King’s Pool, but there was no place for my mount to pass.
15 So I went up at night by the ravine and inspected the wall. Then I
entered the Valley Gate again and returned.
16 The officials did not know where I had gone or what I had done; nor had I as yet told the Jews, the priests, the nobles,
the officials or the rest who did the work.
17 Then I said to them, "You see the bad situation we are in, that Jerusalem is desolate and its gates burned by fire.
Come, let us rebuild the wall of Jerusalem so that we will no longer be a reproach."
18 I told them how the hand of my God had been favorable to me and also about
the king’s words which he had spoken to me. Then they said, "Let us arise and build." So they put their hands to the good work.
19 But when Sanballat
the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official, and Geshem the Arab heard it, they mocked us and despised us and said, "What is this thing you are doing? Are you
rebelling against the king?"
20 So I answered them and said to them, "The God of heaven will give us success; therefore we His servants will arise and build,
but you have no portion, right or memorial in Jerusalem."
1 Then Eliashib the high priest arose with his brothers the priests and built the
Sheep Gate; they consecrated it and hung its doors. They consecrated the wall to the Tower of the Hundred and the Tower of Hananel.
2 Next to him the men of Jericho built, and next to them Zaccur the son of Imri built.
3 Now the sons of Hassenaah built the Fish Gate; they laid its beams and hung its
doors with its bolts and bars.
4 Next to them Meremoth the son of Uriah the son of Hakkoz made repairs. And next to him Meshullam the son of Berechiah the son of
Meshezabel made repairs. And next to him Zadok the son of Baana also made repairs.
5 Moreover, next to him the Tekoites made repairs, but their nobles did not support
the work of their masters.
6 Joiada the son of Paseah and Meshullam the son of Besodeiah repaired the Old Gate; they laid its beams and hung its doors with its bolts
and its bars.
7 Next to them Melatiah the Gibeonite and Jadon the Meronothite, the men of Gibeon and of Mizpah, also made repairs for the official seat of the governor
of the province beyond the River.
8 Next to him Uzziel the son of Harhaiah of the goldsmiths made repairs. And next to him Hananiah, one of the perfumers, made repairs,
and they restored Jerusalem as far as the Broad Wall.
9 Next to them Rephaiah the son of Hur, the official of half the district of Jerusalem, made repairs.
to them Jedaiah the son of Harumaph made repairs opposite his house. And next to him Hattush the son of Hashabneiah made repairs.
11 Malchijah the son of Harim and
Hasshub the son of Pahath-moab repaired another section and the Tower of Furnaces.
12 Next to him Shallum the son of Hallohesh, the official of half the district of
Jerusalem, made repairs, he and his daughters.
13 Hanun and the inhabitants of Zanoah repaired the Valley Gate. They built it and hung its doors with its bolts and its
bars, and a thousand cubits of the wall to the Refuse Gate.
14 Malchijah the son of Rechab, the official of the district of Beth-haccherem repaired the Refuse Gate. He
built it and hung its doors with its bolts and its bars.
15 Shallum the son of Col-hozeh, the official of the district of Mizpah, repaired the Fountain Gate. He built
it, covered it and hung its doors with its bolts and its bars, and the wall of the Pool of Shelah at the king’s garden as far as the steps that descend from the city
16 After him Nehemiah the son of Azbuk, official of half the district of Beth-zur, made repairs as far as a point opposite the tombs of David, and as far as
the artificial pool and the house of the mighty men.
17 After him the Levites carried out repairs under Rehum the son of Bani. Next to him Hashabiah, the official of
half the district of Keilah, carried out repairs for his district.
18 After him their brothers carried out repairs under Bavvai the son of Henadad, official of the
other half of the district of Keilah.
19 Next to him Ezer the son of Jeshua, the official of Mizpah, repaired another section in front of the ascent of the armory at
20 After him Baruch the son of Zabbai zealously repaired another section, from the Angle to the doorway of the house of Eliashib the high priest.
him Meremoth the son of Uriah the son of Hakkoz repaired another section, from the doorway of Eliashib’s house even as far as the end of his house.
22 After him the priests, the men of the valley, carried out repairs.
23 After them Benjamin and Hasshub carried out repairs in front of their house. After them Azariah
the son of Maaseiah, son of Ananiah, carried out repairs beside his house.
24 After him Binnui the son of Henadad repaired another section, from the house of Azariah as
far as the Angle and as far as the corner.
25 Palal the son of Uzai made repairs in front of the Angle and the tower projecting from the upper house of the king, which
is by the court of the guard. After him Pedaiah the son of Parosh made repairs.
26 The temple servants living in Ophel made repairs as far as the front of the Water
Gate toward the east and the projecting tower.
27 After them the Tekoites repaired another section in front of the great projecting tower and as far as the wall of
28 Above the Horse Gate the priests carried out repairs, each in front of his house.
29 After them Zadok the son of Immer carried out repairs in front of his
house. And after him Shemaiah the son of Shecaniah, the keeper of the East Gate, carried out repairs.
30 After him Hananiah the son of Shelemiah, and Hanun the sixth
son of Zalaph, repaired another section. After him Meshullam the son of Berechiah carried out repairs in front of his own quarters.
31 After him Malchijah, one of the
goldsmiths, carried out repairs as far as the house of the temple servants and of the merchants, in front of the Inspection Gate and as far as the upper room of the corner.
32 Between the upper room of the corner and the Sheep Gate the goldsmiths and the merchants carried out repairs.
1 Now it came about that when
Sanballat heard that we were rebuilding the wall, he became furious and very angry and mocked the Jews.
2 He spoke in the presence of his brothers and the wealthy men
of Samaria and said, "What are these feeble Jews doing? Are they going to restore it for themselves? Can they offer sacrifices? Can they finish in a day? Can they
revive the stones from the dusty rubble even the burned ones?"
3 Now Tobiah the Ammonite was near him and he said, "Even what they are building-if a fox
should jump on it, he would break their stone wall down!"
4 Hear, O our God, how we are despised! Return their reproach on their own heads and give them up for
plunder in a land of captivity.
5 Do not forgive their iniquity and let not their sin be blotted out before You, for they have demoralized the builders.
6 So we
built the wall and the whole wall was joined together to half its height, for the people had a mind to work.
7 Now when Sanballat, Tobiah, the Arabs, the Ammonites and
the Ashdodites heard that the repair of the walls of Jerusalem went on, and that the breaches began to be closed, they were very angry.
8 All of them conspired together
to come and fight against Jerusalem and to cause a disturbance in it.
9 But we prayed to our God, and because of them we set up a guard against them day and night.
10 Thus in Judah it was said,
"The strength of the burden bearers is failing,
Yet there is much rubbish;
And we ourselves are unable
To rebuild the wall."
11 Our enemies said, "They will not know or see until we come among them, kill them and put a stop to the work."
12 When the
Jews who lived near them came and told us ten times, "They will come up against us from every place where you may turn,"
13 then I stationed men in the lowest
parts of the space behind the wall, the exposed places, and I stationed the people in families with their swords, spears and bows.
14 When I saw their fear, I rose and
spoke to the nobles, the officials and the rest of the people: "Do not be afraid of them; remember the Lord who is great and awesome, and fight for your brothers,
your sons, your daughters, your wives and your houses."
15 When our enemies heard that it was known to us, and that God had frustrated their plan, then all of us
returned to the wall, each one to his work.
16 From that day on, half of my servants carried on the work while half of them held the spears, the shields, the bows and
the breastplates; and the captains were behind the whole house of Judah.
17 Those who were rebuilding the wall and those who carried burdens took their load with one
hand doing the work and the other holding a weapon.
18 As for the builders, each wore his sword girded at his side as he built, while the trumpeter stood near me.
I said to the nobles, the officials and the rest of the people, "The work is great and extensive, and we are separated on the wall far from one another.
"At whatever place you hear the sound of the trumpet, rally to us there. Our God will fight for us."
21 So we carried on the work with half of them holding
spears from dawn until the stars appeared.
22 At that time I also said to the people, "Let each man with his servant spend the night within Jerusalem so that they
may be a guard for us by night and a laborer by day."
23 So neither I, my brothers, my servants, nor the men of the guard who followed me, none of us removed our
clothes, each took his weapon even to the water.
1 Now there was a great outcry of the people and of their wives against their Jewish brothers.
2 For there were those who said, "We, our sons and our daughters are many; therefore let us get grain that we may eat and live."
3 There were others who said,
"We are mortgaging our fields, our vineyards and our houses that we might get grain because of the famine."
4 Also there were those who said, "We have
borrowed money for the king’s tax on our fields and our vineyards.
5 "Now our flesh is like the flesh of our brothers, our children like their children. Yet
behold, we are forcing our sons and our daughters to be slaves, and some of our daughters are forced into bondage already, and we are helpless because our fields and
vineyards belong to others."
6 Then I was very angry when I had heard their outcry and these words.
7 I consulted with myself and contended with the nobles and
the rulers and said to them, "You are exacting usury, each from his brother!" Therefore, I held a great assembly against them.
8 I said to them, "We
according to our ability have redeemed our Jewish brothers who were sold to the nations; now would you even sell your brothers that they may be sold to us?" Then they
were silent and could not find a word to say.
9 Again I said, "The thing which you are doing is not good; should you not walk in the fear of our God because of the
reproach of the nations, our enemies?
10 "And likewise I, my brothers and my servants are lending them money and grain. Please, let us leave off this usury.
"Please, give back to them this very day their fields, their vineyards, their olive groves and their houses, also the hundredth part of the money and of the grain,
the new wine and the oil that you are exacting from them."
12 Then they said, "We will give it back and will require nothing from them; we will do exactly as
you say." So I called the priests and took an oath from them that they would do according to this promise.
13 I also shook out the front of my garment and said,
"Thus may God shake out every man from his house and from his possessions who does not fulfill this promise; even thus may he be shaken out and emptied." And all
the assembly said, "Amen!" And they praised the Lord. Then the people did according to this promise.
14 Moreover, from the day that I was appointed to be
their governor in the land of Judah, from the twentieth year to the thirty-second year of King Artaxerxes, for twelve years, neither I nor my kinsmen have eaten the
governor’s food allowance.
15 But the former governors who were before me laid burdens on the people and took from them bread and wine besides forty shekels of
silver; even their servants domineered the people. But I did not do so because of the fear of God.
16 I also applied myself to the work on this wall; we did not buy any
land, and all my servants were gathered there for the work.
17 Moreover, there were at my table one hundred and fifty Jews and officials, besides those who came to us
from the nations that were around us.
18 Now that which was prepared for each day was one ox and six choice sheep, also birds were prepared for me; and once in ten days
all sorts of wine were furnished in abundance. Yet for all this I did not demand the governor’s food allowance, because the servitude was heavy on this people.
Remember me, O my God, for good, according to all that I have done for this people.